Biahmaithi
A hmasa bik ah chim ka duhmi cu, Political Science cawngmi ka si lo ca ah tlamtling tein ka `ial khawh lo mi cung ah theihthiam ding in zaangfah nawl kan duh hna. Politics (ramkhel) kong hi a kau taktak mi lawng si lo in fimthiamnak zong a si fawn. Mipi dihlak nih hngalh hawk a tlakmi le ni fatin khua kan saknak ah aa peh zungzalmi thil zong a si ca ah, hngalh ding zong kan herh ngaingai mi a si.
                 Kawlram hi 2011 kum ah ralkap uknak (Military Rule) in mipi uknak (Civil/Democracy Government) ah aa thleng cang ko nain, zeiruang ah dah Democracy kan ngah rih lo, siloah zaukphung taktak a si rih lo? tiin mi tampi nih an ti peng. A tu uktu pawl le a `anpitu nih cun, zaukphung uknak in kan hruai ko, tiin an ti `ung. Cucaah, zaukphung uknak hi zei bantuk a si i, zei bantuk `hithruainak hi dah zaukphunga taktak cu a si timi kha vun langhter ka duh.
Cat`ialtu J. Mang Neih Cung le an nu
Zaukphung Sullam
                        A hmasa bik ah, Democracy (Zaukphung) kong hngalhnak ding ah a sullam hi fian hmasa a hau. Cu hnuah ruahnak tampi a kan bawmh lai i kan hngalh thiam deuh lai. Democracy hi cafang pahnih fonhmi,”demos” le “kratos” in a rami Greek ca a si i a surlam cu, “Demos” hi “mipi” (the people) tinak a si i, “Kratos” cu “uknak , thazaang, nawlngeihnak (rule, strength, power) ti a si. An pahnih fonh ahcun, “mipi  uknak” (the rule of people) ti lei in leh khawh a si. America president Abramham Lincoln nih cun, “democracy (zaukphung) hi mipi i uknak, mipi nih ukmi cozah, mipi caah ukmi cozah (rule of the people, rule by the people, rule for the people)” tiah a ti. A cheu nih cun, “mi tamdeuh lungtlin hnatlaknak in hruaimi uknak (the rule of majority)” ti zong in an ti. Cun, mipi dihlak nih ram (state) uknak le `hithruainak lei kong ah ceih khawhnak, rel khawhnak nawl sang bik a ngeitu an si i anmah aiawhtu ding hruaitu  an thim hna. Cu ti mipi nih a thimmi hna nih a ukmi cozah ti zong an kawh.
Democracy (zaukphung)  Ukning Phun
         Democracy (zaukphung) in aa ukmi ram a tampi an um nain, an hruai ning democracy (zaukphung) bel aa lo cio lo. Democracy (zaukphung) uknak hi a phun in cun a tam ngai. Parliamentary Democracy, Presidential Democracy, Representative Democracy, Liberal Democracy tbk.. in a phun a tam ngai. Asinnan, a  tlangpi cun phun hnih in an hruai hna; phun khat cu, direct/pure democracy ti a si i, mipi nih ram state kong ah direct in an ceih pi, an tawrel pi ve hna. A kar lak ah aiawhtu um lo in anmah pumpak cio in vote an pek khawh. Cun phunghram le phunglam zong mipi nih an ceih i a an duh lo mi cu tuah khawh le remh khawh a si. A dang phun khat cu indirect or representative democracy tiah an auh. Mipi nih an mah aiawhtu dingmi an thim hna i, an thimmi hna nih mipi le ram ca ah rian an tuan i an hruai hna.
Democracy Tahnak Fung
          Ram uknak i an tahnak cheu khat kan zoh hna lai. USA Freedom House (vawlei cung ram ukning hlathlaitu) nih a tlangpi bik in an tahmi cu political rights (ramkhel covo) le civil liberties (rammi zalennak) pawl an si. Politics lei in mifim a simi Larry Diamond nih cun hi tin a chim: (1) A dikmi le zalen ngai in tuahmi thimnak (fair and free election), (2) rammi dihlak nuhrin covo ngah khawhnak (protection of human rights of all citizens), (3) rammi dihlak nih politics le mipi ca ah teimak in i tel khawhnak (Active participation of all citizens in politics and civic life, (4) phunglam a si mi phunglam hmaiah thleidannak um lo in uknak (rule of law which equally applies to all citizens) ti in, uknak cu a tah.
       Democracy uknak cu mipi nih uknak a si. Cu ca ah mipi duh lo ning in ram an hruai ah cun, mipi nih an duh mi hruaitu dang an thim khawh `han. Hruaitu hi mipi ca ah rian`uantu a si lai. Mipi le ram ca ah a `uan lo ahcun, mipi nih an `hawl in an thleng khawh. Cucaah, nawlngeitu sangbik cu mipi rammi a si. Asinain, mipi nih a taktak ah an duhmi an chim le an tuah khawh lo ahcun Democracy ti i kawh awktlak a s lo. Cucaah, a tawi fiannak in chim ahcun, mipi zalennak (freedom), kan i khahhak (equality), ding tein lairelnak (Justice or rule of law) pawl hna hi Democracy tahfung bantuk in an zohmi cu an si.
               Mipi zalennak (freedom): Hi zalennak ah nuhring covo, biaknak lei zumhnak, chimrelnak, ca lei (media) tbk… aa tel dih. Cun, mipi nih zalen ngai in le ding tein thimnak  tuah khawhnak nawl an ngei lai. Zalen le ding tein tuahmi thimnak (free and fair election) a si lo ahcun mipi nih thimmi hruaitu a si ti ah kawhkhawh as i lai lo. Hrawkhrawl i tuahmi thimnak cu Democracy uknak a si fawn lo. Cu caah, thimnak lei ah zalennak a um lo mi cu Democracy ti awk aa tlak lo. Mipi nih chim relnak, ca lei tuahnak, zumhnak tbk.. zalennak pawl cuanh hnuah Democracy uknak a si maw si lo ti khi  hngalh khawh a si. Cucaah, rammi nih political rights
 timi (ramkhel covo) le civil liberties asi mi mipi chimrelnak, media lei tuahnak, tbk.. pawl hi Democracy uknak rammi nih an co hrimhrim dingmi zalennak cu a si.
               Kan i khahnak (Equality): Hi zong hi rammi dihlak nih co dingmi a si. Ram hruaitu le hruaimi dihlak hi phunglam (law) hmaiah cun kan i khat dih ti a si. Fimthiam cawnnak, sipuazi tuahnak, ngandamnak lei rian, politics lei, zumhnak lei tbk.. ah i thleidannak um lo in aa rual tein tuah khawhnak covo an ngei dih. Miphun le biaknak cung ah thleidanhnak ngei in thil an tuah, an thim, an hruai hna si ahcun kan i khahnak (equality) hi a um lo tinak a si. Cucaah Democracy tiah chim a ngah rih lo.
           Dingthlu Lairelnak (Justice or rule of law): Phunglam hi rammi dihlak nih zulh ding le a hman ning tein lairel (biachah) ding ah tuahmi a si. Rammi le mi sifak tbk.. pawl ca lawng ah tuahmi phunglam a si ahcun Democracy hruai ning a si lo. Phunglam (law) cung ah a hohmanh an um lai lo.  Phunglam (law) tang ah kan dih lak kan um lai i phunglam ning tein biachah le biaceih a si lai. Uktu le nih mirum cheu khat kha phunglam (law) uknak tang ah a hman ning tein bia an ceih lo ahcun Democracy hruai ning a si fawn lo. Democracy ram ah cun mirum, mi sifak, mifim, cathiam lo tbk… thleidannak um lo tein an dihlak tein phunglam tangah biaceih le biachah piak a si.
Biatlangkawmnak le a donghnak
         Mipi uknak, mipi ca ah hruainak, mipi nih a ukmi hi Democracy uknak ti in kawhmi cu a si i, mipi nih direct in zei paoh ram kong ah ceih le tuah khawh in a hruaimi Democracy a um bantuk in, mipi nih anmah aiawhtu an thimmi hna nih a hrauimi Democracy ti in a phun phun a um. Asinain, mipi nih direct uknak Direct Democracy cu tu chan ah cun Switzerland lawng nih ni hin ni tiang Direct Democracy system taktak in an hruai hna. Cu lo a dang ram cu Indirect/representative Democracy (mipi aiawh hruainak) deuh lawng te an si.
       A phun in chim ahcun, Democracy hi a phun tampi a um. Tu chan ah cun, mipi aiawh hruainak lawng te hi an hman deuh cang. Mipi nih an duhmi hruaitu an thim hna le cu an thimmi hna nih ram le miphun cu mipi aiawh in an uk hna. Mipi zalennak a si mi chimrelnak, ca lei tuahnak, biaknak lei zumhnak, zalen ngai in le a dik tein thimnak tuahnak tbk…pawl hi Democracy ram a si ahcun rammi dihlak nih an co i an tuah khawh taktak dingmi a si. Phunglam hmai ah kan i khahnak i, phunglam ning tein biaceih piak ding zong a si fawn.
        Kawlram ukning zohnak: Mah ca ah, kan kawlram uknak kan zoh ahcun Democracy taktak a si maw?, a si rih lo ti cu kan hngalh ko lai. Abianabia ah, a tu kawlram hruaitu hna hi mipi a si mi rammi nih an duh i an thimmi a si maw? (Is the government elected freely and fairly by the people?). Rammi dihlak nih co ding mi zalennak pawl teh kan ngah maw? (Do the people or all citizens have freedom and equality?). Phunglam ning te in biaceih le biachah piak kan si maw? (is there the rule of law?).  A taktak ah cun, a tu tiang mi tampi nih Democracy taktak a si rih lo ti in an chimmi cu a hmanmi a si deuh. Ram hruainak phunghram pi zong zoh tikah rammi nih hnatlaknak he tuahmi a si lo. 2011 kum lio i thimnak zong rammi nih an duh mi thimnak nawl zalennak a um lo ti cu ho paoh hngalh cio a si. Media lei, chimrelnak, biaknak lei zong zalennak a um lo ning cu nan hngalh dih ciomi a si.
        Kawlram (Myanmar) Democracy uknak a phanh khawhnak ding ca ah tampi karhlan kan hau rih ko. A tu kum thimnak ca ah a cozah nih me (vote) a pekkhomi cazin (list of voters) zong hrawkhrawl in an tuah ti in NLD party le a dang party pawl nih an chim ve. Cu lawng hlah, tu kum thimnak zong hi mipi a si mi rammi nih an duhmi taktak an thimkhawh lo ahcun hrawkhrawl thimnak lawng te a si te ko lai.